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+Bgg 6J+g ',-r\a- +g ^Jtc€. *zlg €sz1 9l-tsr]l, ol+ *9.e-91€ "ll+ + ,q6}q. =zl4 €+= ol E ^lolel +AlCol qwlaJ'i"JzlE aA6'Ial= 4"1?14. oJ Hel +,q6J €7(Brayfield & Crockett, 1955; Vroom, 1964)ql^l= 9lE + .q9lol +Al7| .gtzl4 s= :t +Al7l ,il* "l+6}tr1= aEg.flHflr}. Vroom(rg0+)* zl+"J+r+ C AzJg +Al"I Etl+ €+ql^l 0.14+= t}+rtl+= Elqt4. r +el a^lql^J qE €E)lE c?= qe c?s+E. 4+"J+q q yte +rtl= zlzlt- ll*"1 Eel*+. rRlr.il zl #C?zI zl+"J+g oJozl=zl, olqE zl*"J4ol {+Ca= "Jozl=21"il EIIEJ tsC ol "J q *+. "J+ol zl+CA= "JsZr+r. -E-= adl= ^Jt4"J +Bgg *€6}11 96I^J= 7l* Bxl rEg.J+6'l4l Bil+= riol4l Btrl.:r-El+ "le+ HIEIEI= dalr 9lEr.il, ^I* =g r 4azl * ol$olzll 9l+g ga6}J. 4rl, r59 zl+E+El ,lB€. E=tr}= 4"14. = , zl*cazl "J+g eq++= 4014. F H?laql "Jr++al= +?1617l- qB4. re]+, €el Eflg redl -H-E(€l I Wanous, tgz+), *zl9 AdlTl q+ El'J+ z) +tr+. "J"J zl*'J4"1 zl+ca= zl4srll -H-= aatlTI *tr18, s4ulE *BflE-"l tI 4.il oJg + +6J 6'IE+ zl+^J ? e+= *zll flol s+g i"l"t B ,i olul. r]l+Ee-l € +ar+= 4*c?zI zl+++g 7I4gtrI= Asl]= +8617 9l+. "lrlt zl+€EIE a+qlrlEzl, zl+"J+r+ 4+ca+E +al= s++ €,e-21 9l+. + €+= d4l tlEql^-l zlas zl+e+ g:ultr+ 4+= rl]EoJ "JEZLI, "l eloJ 4+= *o}'l]gtrl. ul$ g"Je$ zl+= "JE= "l+= zlg+alzlz| "J+g aeg + 9lE+ 617l eldlr'1 oltrl. :.zlg-tr_ "J+r+ ^Jaq +r{ce AzlP_ 4+.I^l H4 Sulss zl+ql^.i e-+ ,Jg 4"14= 7118+ 6}al 9= 4"14. ol ar+= ^J+4e a=g ?14*tr1. Baird(1e76)= 4+ql EI6J "J+g ,'lAS 4+= +aJ6'|= ?)+ ,c'*"1 9.1trI- zl.{eE+rl H}Ellg aEg EqUlgq. Ae €+tsJ4ql 4= A,,JE]]9 trE"l Ivancevich(t77\, 1979)ql Esll s--a9 fl4. E. += €+q^l=, 4+"J+r+ +dJr+E +A\71 C B q= azJql Elld}q €+619tr}. Jacobsel Solomon(tgzz)4 eg STzIts zl++"Jg z)=e- 6iq -EL*ol +q e q, a- *trC"1 tr-l+ zr+= ^Id€. ga6}9q.:.els_tr,4++6Jql =z16l^] €-#g += +Bgg :zE9 zl++"Jql tr]+ "J+e} ,i"14(Chernington, Reitz & Scott, 1977) relL+ "JuJ4gE- zl++EJrI zl+"J+4$ S4li- r4zl z-zl 9*9q, zl-"r{J tr+?+ +q 7tl +El\+trl. Fisher(1e80) = *e zl++6J r+ El+el TLZli- "J Rl4 Ei E( d 41 4 l} +)e+ +a+ 6JE(q€ g+q +6J)g *€xls4rl a},l ulE"il "Jqt4r zl 4619 224