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40 ^112E| ArHale+ SEHE d€l*alE trtls= trH z-rz)* zJol "-4tldol4 atdol €++ 6I+9 + d9=. 9q 914. €zlrl A'ClB'+dg +.+ql^l =rJ oE r+nlE €Col e=g7l ^lz16}= H4zHrl 3s. +dgE^'l ol49 "+td(tiquidus rine)ol4 +trI. l4r A' cre'*d3 *e4ol +r= $s.415 Hq S-=. 3s. +dgtr^l "149 r^Jd(sotidus line) ol+ +tr}. T2 Tt 'r'lzJ -----+ (a) 8E-.t lZ+C('J4=N) C 'dt@o) - (b) 'J:ddrlls ral 2-12 dErEillB SEtlE(b)oil^lel -sr=rdoil q.= 'J4+d(a)zl =Eoil ttl= 44EEl(c) +++g eqq "Je+ gEql .! *:. E= *+qzlt r*il"l ^J = ol el aJ +e gE= f zl alzl 9*=4. r^Jdr+ a4^Jd^Jel Ss. ,J4e . -4 nle+ ;.nlz} *=6I= B I 9e- *l+Z}(solidification-ran ge)olr-} +4. d€l+il E ?*= EL+"il = Ag-Au, Ag-Pd, cu-Ni, Bi-Sb, Co-Ni F J- *frzl Ellttl Y*e+ ol+ cu-Ni9 dqlE Eq B4 tr B 2-131oil 8oo/ocu-zoo/oNi4 =Cg 4= -J+g +g+ " -q^Js 1 1 1040 Cu aEJ 2-13 10 20 30 40 wt%Ni 80%Cu-20%Ni rEflEt=9 3z T4 T3 C ui + 0 p1 + 1240 1220 t200 1 140 tt20 1 100 1 11 11