48page

36 ^ll2g af EElel A|EHE C(composition) E= ++e-l CEg zlBgE 6Iq a EE(concentration)Ell +4. cBol+. ae Eag 71471= ae-E^4 HIE^I gi=.8^l6I= a+g olqq. c E9 +ql u+4^'l a 41. lcBZl,zcBzl,3cB4l, +cEAl FeE +=4. t zllg CEq *el HELe+ +B4oE HEle + glqot +trI. el= =E qtr 8zl +ql € HICEE. -s+^l g+= -*-L 4gg dzlal€,Jq+ ^J4= + ztlg AIE C46IE ol 4l= +49 49+ ^l g+e+ iGz)4 3troE €tr}.:zJr] ol CEg E+ ^l g g €C6I= H, o, Na, CI Fe-l gr= CESE C46Izl 9+=4. J- ol+= 4g+ 5el tg ,+4 +840E Hslrl? izl g.ll, 5E 4 ^Jel =cg:59 cBg * 4lE s-E Cee ^ltE a+ql u|+^] HEI6Izl ?*t cxlt4ql 9l= 4+ vJ€ ol+a +4.41= EJ.l6Iq F-L zlB4 Hslz} .J"l'Ixl 9+. 7)o1 vJBol-z e]+ql r'l zl+g 7I6IE Hglz} "Jq+= ag Bg+ 9ol4. el+ql^l zI*+ Bzl 9*ols. z}ts4 o E gq+. H+. +B4lql9 Hslol4. vJ€^JEli+ qE EA4lql 4latlrJ Eal$ =zJZ.JA6I4 fzlalflS ql Alel tt4z} ^le+ rJol H+6lzl 9*9H ol ^JEll= yJB^JEI(equilibrium state)rJ7 6-J4. le.l+ olag eq+ g.€g olqq. vJ e^JExE e++ cE= gqqI4 oE s.^l6lq ..419 z}+ql vlz)zl arE t4ol4." 4. E€g +tr}. Gibbsql E6rB qE 4el z}+qlHzlts G: U*PV-TS U:.l]P olHzl, p:oJ4, V:n14, T:€rtl3S., S:{trtrq u+pvts {BvlE_ H_E _E^16}E H = U*PV ...G _H-TS E -S.^l+4. olag cinus9 z}+"ilHzl (rree enersy)4 a}-z 59. F.J4lq glq^l= zlg 4 .J HEI= HIE^I c7I +16I. u}aj9-E .J q Uq. l4 t yJ € ^JEI ql^.1= c7I 4}'ol IrE dG:0 _ tr €tr}. ol4 ol uJ e ^JEI el d 9 ol 4. 2. gE Gibbsts + z]]9 4lE +c6I. cEE fs+ r al +ql €zlla}ts ^JE + H 4lel ^J4= eC6I. H+E + ^Iolql= 4++ ?g +al7| 9l+.
48page

2. 상률
48page

2. 상률
48page

2. 상률