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^114tr == =r4s +a 183 (2) +=, H]l q=(+=)e] 'J4 O +=+ zo(cm] 016| zl$ e(nrnr) trltel +d B"Jp 4lE ts(cm) ol61-s +4. @ ulq=(+.)g so(cm) 016'1, zlE e(nrn) I,ltE +d ?"JB ql= 20[cm) 016] _ E +tr}. @ uI9*9 +41= 8(cm) olt}o=. +tr}.(+,54 €4EE 15cm ol*oE +4.) (3) 1*6J €4 q(one-way slab) O !^l4{ =fltr"il^l ^JH(EiE)q t{(ffii$)el Hl oJ H^JHl7t z ol^Jg trll$ 10J.J €4tr4r +tr}. tl*oJ =nll ti i ): ty/tx) z (tv : ^JHrJ.Jel aol, tx: tH ,J6JE 4ol)) @ tr}g =4tr= +El7I 1(m)?l zl^}4€H_tr A+6Iq €4l6lq, =el_E_oil zl* 6I= E= a}.6ol tH u3aj9_E"J dgq= 49=. Etrl. @ +e=g + *'Jgtr t Hll;lqq zl-L '3t3o -tr= SEA="J u11zl;34 (4) ZrJ6J €4 q (trvo-way slab) e u-z} zlzlali zl^l4fl +4sq H*HlzI 2 plu.lg ql= 2EJ'J +4H-4 +trI. @ tH ,J-JE e=9 =JH ,J6J e=ts4 Elq ++ +ee ulzlalzll gErl oJ = +H *6}0l^] r.l = 6I+9 +R6Izl 4l$ol4. (5) E4 €4 e (flat slab) +=++ +4q 6lq H7l fl= Elq+9 +C6Iq 6169 zlFoil zld dB6r= + =o14. =4 €zl]_u €^]"il^j= _ H _ = ^l€-6}z1 9*zl trIE"il.11+ *ag 741 ol+g + 9lr, + +ol= *e +7]- 914. lel+ ++E Hll=ol 94alz, u}gsol +z9l ri +4 + td ol 91u}. =4 =4BE tsl= r}^lg 2EJ.J^1,3*o}^l,4oloJ^1, SBEJ4 Fol glgq J- + oI^J 2rJ.J^14 +o36.34o1 r*ol ^I+€+. O 54 =?-IBE 54 @ +zzl et6lq 6=o19 *zll El + 914. @ d.ll ol*Eol =4. @ u}$*ol +4fl l.zJaliol ?zlt4. @ xq qlel ,Jc ol +614. @ += ^il+ @ =4 =4sE F4l= 15(cm) ol1loE 'J+. @ TlFe ^I4B E= flBzlfg ^l++4.