186page

118 2. 3. 1) !-n+ - +altrql +dg *zla}-r zrdzlql 9atlr.l "Jq+=:ul9 "IB (staticmark). Elzlo-lq frz]ql +$| "Jo.J+ "lzl= zlz4 +dq g:+. + 4ss s.s.€ *4 e+Hg "J=qd =olrl. 2) ,J**(emulsion layer) fzjl=gE *tr.alglgg g4€ql t"J6tzl Etl t)2f, z)oE gd+ +flttr ss.99 91trI. S) "Jd+(subbins) - zlzl ;tl4 -ftz] +9 Ezl I allr'l "J=q d +"14. 4) ,)zl ;l (base) - frzl +g E g.6I= uI'*"] I = 4 ol zlzl xfl ol4. FE HI "l :zl ^I+q= g$el 4+ +qL4 traJol Slol F{allot atfi, drC4 + €d "l :l"l of +trI. 5) 'JAlolc *zl+ - k} HI^Iql 9'J zl ?o*"1 qlqE+ 6I= +4r+ gEg "J B culing) *zl el +4 g zlz) t 9l = +.1 tr}. 4. 4rJd (blue sensitive regular) , C ^l ^J (orthochromatic) , dC a! C (panch-romatic) e-tr +E + 9ls4 zlrl"*c +ql^l aa^4e 400-500nm, a^4cg+oo- 600nm, dA4Ce 400-700nm$ HI+6IE+ 9q 9lq. 5. r) !-n+: 989 "J +l+ql E4HE ,sig "+.1 EEqq .I?.tl+g f1-zlz| u| + E= #61= 49 BzldI= 5 frzl+g -E-a+q 2) ?* tz]? : ".Jealgl-e 849 ,J+Cg ol -S+ frzl+eE, zl9C9 "J +eI a4+q ++d-q, E^l €t += +4 sl-^}g €C+tr}. 3) +4 grl*(B-c) : C4H +ql +4E =e"l=99 Et^l A +g_e, € Eq a^4+g =-+6}= 5^l ql +rJ++ zJZ Egg 6JtrI. 4) +rJ frzl* : 6Je4lElE E?]fl aql +^l+ql yr)y +rJ 4rzl 4zl9 q a 4 +r+ +4 *ql a+c * 214.4. d4lql= +^! 9rl * qlEql a ^l + o c+clol ul 4l "l+ql= Eg6}zl 9*"L zJ*9xl 9*=tr1. g^4 +ql= r- lJ "l4lrl(M) EI^JS €c+tr} il +rJ+(G-R) : d4H9 ,$e +e-tr, +rJ^Jr+ 4rJCE CEol +t "lE 6I= 49 *zl o-I= el+g 6Jtr1. 6) 4rJ +zI+ : €e4lgle E4E aql 4a4z}.l A+q= +rJ z4rzt 4zl € frzI+e-tr, g^4 €"J += ^l "J(C) Eltg €^d+rI.